Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2024
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

1. Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies




Twin Vee PowerCats Co. (“Twin Vee” or the “Company”) was incorporated as Twin Vee Catamarans, Inc., in the state of Florida, on December 1, 2009. On April 7, 2021, the Company filed a Certificate of Conversion to register and incorporate in the state of Delaware and changed the company name to Twin Vee PowerCats Co. The Certificate of Incorporation for Twin Vee PowerCats Co. was also filed on April 7, 2021.


On September 1, 2021, the Company formed Fix My Boat, Inc., (“Fix My Boat”), a wholly owned subsidiary. Fix My Boat will utilize a franchise model for marine mechanics across the country. Fix My Boat has been inactive for the majority of 2023 and the three months ended March 31, 2024, however the Company anticipates focusing resources on this entity by the end of 2024.


Forza X1, Inc. was initially incorporated as Electra Power Sports, Inc. on October 15, 2021, and subsequently changed the name to Forza X1, Inc. (“Forza X1” or “Forza”) on October 29, 2021. Prior to Forza’s incorporation on October 15, 2021, the electric boat business was operated as the Company’s Electra Power Sports™ Division. Following the Company’s initial public offering that closed on July 23, 2021 (the “IPO”), it determined in October 2021 that for several reasons, that it would market the Company’s new independent line of electric boats under a new brand name (and new subsidiary).


On April 20, 2023, the Company formed AquaSport Co., a wholly owned subsidiary in the state of Florida in connection with the Company’s plan to lease the assets of former AQUASPORT™ boat brand and manufacturing facility in White Bluff Tennessee.




On December 5, 2022, pursuant to the terms of the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of September 8, 2022 (the “Merger Agreement”), by and between Twin Vee PowerCats Co. and Twin Vee PowerCats, Inc., a Florida corporation (“TVPC”), TVPC was merged with and into the Company (the “Merger”).


As TVPC did not meet the definition of a business under ASC 805, the merger was not accounted for as a business combination. The Merger was accounted for as a recapitalization of Twin Vee PowerCats, Co., effected through the exchange of TVPC shares for Twin Vee PowerCats, Co. shares, and the cancellation of Twin Vee PowerCats, Co. shares held by Twin Vee Inc. Upon the effective date of the Merger, December 5, 2022, Twin Vee Co. accounted for the Merger by assuming TVPC’s net liabilities. Twin Vee PowerCats, Co.’s financial statements reflect the operations of TVPC. prospectively and will not be restated retroactively to reflect the historical financial position or results of operations of TVPC.


Principles of Consolidation


The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Twin Vee, its wholly owned subsidiaries AquaSport Co., and Fix My Boat, Inc., (“Fix My Boat”), and its publicly traded subsidiary, Forza X1, Inc. (“Forza X1” or “Forza”), collectively referred to as the “Company”. The Company’s net loss excludes losses attributable to noncontrolling interests. The Company reports noncontrolling interests in consolidated entities as a component of equity separate from the Company’s equity. All inter-company balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.


Basis of Presentation


The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial statements and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 8-03 of Regulation S-X of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, they do not contain all information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for annual financial statements.


In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all the adjustments necessary (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) to present the financial position of the Company as of March 31, 2024 and the results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or any future period. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2023, which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 27, 2024.


During the first quarter of 2024, the Company changed the classification of production labor and related benefit costs to be included as a component of cost of sales rather than operating expenses. The Company has adjusted the income statement for the three months ended March 31, 2023 to be consistent with the accounting treatment in 2024. This resulted in an increase in cost of sales of $1,612,272 and a corresponding decrease in operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2023.


Revenue Recognition


The Company’s revenue is derived primarily from the sale of boats, motors and trailers to its independent dealers. The Company recognizes revenue when obligations under the terms of a contract are satisfied and control over promised goods is transferred to the dealer. For the majority of sales, this occurs when the product is released to the carrier responsible for transporting it to a dealer. The Company typically receives payment within five business days of shipment. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration it expects to receive in exchange for a product. The Company offers dealer incentives that include wholesale rebates, retail rebates and promotions, floor plan reimbursement or cash discounts, and other allowances that are recorded as reductions of revenues in net sales in the statements of operations. The consideration recognized represents the amount specified in a contract with a customer, net of estimated incentives the Company reasonably expects to pay. The estimated liability and reduction in revenue for dealer incentives is recorded at the time of sale. Subsequent adjustments to incentive estimates are possible because actual results may differ from these estimates if conditions dictate the need to enhance or reduce sales promotion and incentive programs or if dealer achievement or other items vary from historical trends. Accrued dealer incentives are included in accrued liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.


Payment received for the future sale of a boat to a customer is recognized as a customer deposit. Customer deposits are recognized as revenue when control over promised goods is transferred to the customer. At March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had customer deposits of $21,448 and $44,195, respectively, which is recorded as contract liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. These deposits are expected to be recognized as revenue within a one-year period.


Rebates and Discounts


Dealers earn wholesale rebates based on purchase volume commitments and achievement of certain performance metrics. The Company estimates the amount of wholesale rebates based on historical achievement, forecasted volume, and assumptions regarding dealer behavior. Rebates that apply to boats already in dealer inventory are referred to as retail rebates. The Company estimates the amount of retail rebates based on historical data for specific boat models adjusted for forecasted sales volume, product mix, dealer and consumer behavior, and assumptions concerning market conditions. The Company also utilizes various programs whereby it offers cash discounts or agrees to reimburse its dealers for certain floor plan interest costs incurred by dealers for limited periods of time, generally ranging up to nine months. These floor plan interest costs are treated as a reduction in the revenue recognized on the sale at an amount estimated at the time of sale.


Other Revenue Recognition Matters


Dealers generally have no right to return unsold boats. Occasionally, the Company may accept returns in limited circumstances and at the Company’s discretion under its warranty policy. The Company may be obligated, in the event of default by a dealer, to accept returns of unsold boats under its repurchase commitment to floor financing providers, who are able to obtain such boats through foreclosure. The repurchase commitment is on an individual unit basis with a term from the date it is financed by the lending institution through the payment date by the dealer, generally not exceeding 30 months.


The Company has excluded sales and other taxes assessed by a governmental authority in connection with revenue-producing activities from the determination of the transaction price for all contracts. The Company has not adjusted net sales for the effects of a significant financing component because the period between the transfer of the promised goods and the customer’s payment is expected to be one year or less. 


Use of Estimates


The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. Some of these judgments can be subjective and complex, and, consequently, actual results may differ from these estimates.


Concentrations of Credit and Business Risk


Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk primarily consist of trade receivables. Credit risk on trade receivables is mitigated as a result of the Company’s use of trade letters of credit, dealer floor plan financing arrangements, and the geographically diversified nature of the Company’s customer base. The Company minimizes the concentration of credit risk associated with its cash by maintaining its cash with high quality federally insured financial institutions. However, cash balances in excess of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insured limit of $250,000 are at risk. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had $15,562,629 and $15,868,574, respectively, in excess of FDIC insured limits.


Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash include all highly liquid investments with original maturities of six months or less at the time of purchase. On March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash of $16,398,027 and $16,755,233, respectively. Included within restricted cash on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 was cash deposited as collateral for irrevocable letters of credit of $260,107 and $257,530.


Marketable Securities


The Company’s investments in debt securities are carried at either amortized cost or fair value. Investments in debt securities that the Company has the positive intent and ability to hold to maturity are carried at amortized cost and classified as held-to-maturity. Investments in debt securities that are not classified as held-to-maturity are carried at fair value and classified as either trading or available-for-sale. Realized and unrealized gains and losses on trading debt securities as well as realized gains and losses on available-for-sale debt securities are included in net income.


Fair Value of Financial Instruments


The Company follows accounting guidelines on fair value measurements for financial instruments measured on a recurring basis, as well as for certain assets and liabilities that are initially recorded at their estimated fair values. Fair Value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as the measurement date. The Company uses the following three-level hierarchy that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs to value its financial instruments:


  Level 1: Observable inputs such as unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical instruments.
  Level 2: Quoted prices for similar instruments that are directly or indirectly observable in the marketplace.
  Level 3: Significant unobservable inputs which are supported by little or no market activity and that are financial instruments whose values are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies, or similar techniques, as well as instruments for which the determination of fair value requires a significant judgment or estimation.


Financial instruments measured as fair value are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires it to make judgments and consider factors specific to the asset or liability. The use of different assumptions and/or estimation methodologies may have a material effect on estimated fair values. Accordingly, the fair value estimates disclosed, or initial amounts recorded may not be indicative of the amount that the Company or holders of the instruments could realize in a current market exchange.


The carrying amounts of cash equivalents approximate their fair value due to their liquid or short-term nature, such as accounts receivable and payable, and other financial instruments in current assets or current liabilities.


Accounts Receivable


The Company’s Accounts Receivable derive from third party financing arrangements that its dealers utilize to finance the purchase of its boats. This “floorplan financing” is collateralized by the finished boat, and cash payment is received within 3-5 days of the finance company’s approval of the dealer’s purchase. At the end of a reporting period, some payment(s) may not yet have been received from the financing company, which creates a temporary account receivable that will be satisfied in just a few days. As such, the Company’s Accounts Receivable at any point in time are 100% collectable, and no valuation adjustment is necessary. Therefore, there is no allowance for credit losses on the Company’s balance sheet.




Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value, with cost determined using the average cost method on a first-in first -out basis. Net realizable value is defined as sales price, less cost of completion, disposable and transportation and a normal profit margin. Production costs, consisting of labor and overhead, are applied to ending finished goods inventories at a rate based on estimated production capacity. Excess production costs are charged to cost of products sold. Provisions have been made to reduce excess or obsolete inventories to their net realizable value.


Property and Equipment


Property and equipment is stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization, using the straight-line method over the assets’ useful life. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the assets’ useful life or the lease term. The estimated useful lives of property and equipment range from three to five years. Upon sale or retirement, the cost and related accumulated depreciation is eliminated from their respective accounts, and the resulting gain or loss is included in results of operations. Repairs and maintenance charges, which do not increase the useful lives of the assets, are charged to operations as incurred.


Impairment of Long-Lived Assets


Management assesses the recoverability of its long-lived assets when indicators of impairment are present. If such indicators are present, recoverability of these assets is determined by comparing the undiscounted net cash flows estimated to result from those assets over the remaining life to the assets’ net carrying amounts. If the estimated undiscounted net cash flows are less than the net carrying amount, the assets would be adjusted to their fair value, based on appraisal or the present value of the undiscounted net cash flows.




Advertising and marketing costs are expensed as incurred, and are included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, advertising costs incurred by the Company totaled $34,589 and $125,039, respectively.


Research and Development


The Company expenses research and development costs relating to new product development as incurred. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, research and development costs amounted to $149,691 and $702,648, respectively.


Shipping and Handling Costs


Shipping and handling costs include those costs incurred to transport product to customers and internal handling costs, which relate to activities to prepare goods for shipment. The Company has elected to account for shipping and handling costs associated with outbound freight after control over a product has been transferred to a customer as a fulfillment cost. The Company includes shipping and handling costs, including cost billed to customers, in cost of sales in the statements of operations. All manufactured boats are free on board (FOB) from the Fort Pierce manufacturing plant. Dealers are required to either pick up the boats themselves or contract with a transporter. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, shipping and handling costs amounted to $134,466 and $185,532, respectively.




The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. As the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, it uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. The Company calculates the associated lease liability and corresponding ROU asset upon lease commencement using a discount rate based on a credit-adjusted secured borrowing rate commensurate with the term of the lease. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any lease payments made and is reduced by lease incentives. The Company’s lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. Lease expenses for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.


Supplier Concentrations


The Company is dependent on the ability of its suppliers to provide products on a timely basis and on favorable pricing terms. The loss of certain principal suppliers or a significant reduction in product availability from principal suppliers could have a material adverse effect on the Company. Business risk insurance is in place to mitigate the business risk associated with sole suppliers for sudden disruptions such as those caused by natural disasters.


The Company is dependent on third-party equipment manufacturers, distributors, and dealers for certain parts and materials utilized in the manufacturing process. During the three months ended March 31, 2024 , the Company purchased all engines and certain composite materials for its boats under supplier agreements with four vendors. Total purchases from these vendors were $1,709,801. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the company purchased all engines from three vendors for its boats under supplier agreements. Total purchases from these vendors were $1,870,425.


Employee Retention Credit


On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) was signed into law providing numerous tax provisions and other stimulus measures, including an employee retention credit (“ERC”), which is a refundable tax credit against certain employment taxes. The Taxpayer Certainty and Disaster Tax Relief Act of 2020 and the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 extended and expanded the availability of the ERC.


Accounting Standards Codification 105, “Generally Accepted Accounting Principles,” describes the decision-making framework when no guidance exists in US GAAP for a particular transaction. Specifically, ASC 105-10-05-2 instructs companies to look for guidance for a similar transaction within US GAAP and apply that guidance by analogy. As such, forms of government assistance, such as the ERC, provided to business entities would not be within the scope of ASC 958, but it may be applied by analogy under ASC 105-10-05-2. The Company accounted for the Employee Retention Credit as a government grant in accordance with Accounting Standards Update 2013-06, Not-for-Profit Entities (Topic 958) (“ASU 2013-06”) by analogy under ASC 105-10-05-2. Under this standard, government grants are recognized when the conditions on which they depend are substantially met. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, the Company recognized income related to the employee retention credit of $0 and $329,573, respectively.


Stock-Based Compensation


The Company recognizes stock-based compensation costs for its restricted stock measured at the fair value of each award at the time of grant, as an expense over the period during which an employee is required to provide service. Compensation cost is recognized over the service period for the fair value of awards that vest.


Income Taxes


Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating losses. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recover or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is entirely dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Management considers the scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, and tax planning strategies in making this assessment.


The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various states.


Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements


The Company has considered all other recently issued accounting pronouncements and does not believe the adoption of such pronouncements will have a material impact on its financial statements.